By Liz Hoffman and Geoffrey Rogow

June 26, 2019 9:33 am ET

Wall Street’s role as matchmaker between big money managers and corporate executives is under threat.

Next year, five large investing firms overseeing more than $7 trillion are banding together to directly organize a series of meetings with company executives, according to people familiar with the matter. The first meeting, set for Boston next spring, will host executives of consumer-staples companies.

The existence of the meetings is a direct threat to the hundreds of millions of dollars in fees banks make each year introducing their investor clients to the managers in whose companies they own stock. Fund managers pack into hotel ballrooms to hear presentations and take guided tours of company factories. A one-on-one meeting with a chief executive can run $50,000 or more in some cases.

Now, some of the biggest managers are planning to go it alone. No banks needed, or even invited.

Fidelity Investments, Capital Group, Wellington Management, T. Rowe Price Group Inc. and Norway’s government fund are planning a series of private conferences where their analysts can meet CEOs, according to people familiar with the matter. The agenda: cocktails and dinner, followed by a full day of one-on-one meetings, 75 minutes each. CEOs only.

“We plan to partner on corporate access events and conferences that will provide a tailored research experience for our investors,” a spokeswoman for T. Rowe said.

The workaround is just the latest way that banks are losing their spots as Wall Street’s indispensable middlemen. They once underwrote loans, stood in between buyers and sellers of securities, and organized meetings between investors and corporate executives—all for hefty fees.

Today, companies are increasingly borrowing straight from loan funds, without hiring a bank to underwrite and place the debt. Online platforms allow investors to trade directly with each other, sidestepping a bank’s trader. Solo advisers help companies design complex derivatives for a fraction of what Goldman Sachs Group Inc. or JPMorgan Chase & Co. would charge.

Corporate access is one of the few cash cows left for banks and their research departments. Greenwich Associates estimates that corporate access was worth $900 million to banks last year, about 12% of their total equities revenues. It can also spur trading revenue and draw corporate clients closer.

The average big U.S. company sent executives to six investor conferences and on five roadshows in 2017, where they typically met with investors curated by a bank research department, according to data provider IHS Markit .

Chief executives get the chance to tell their stories to sometimes skeptical audiences and soften up the ground for shifts in direction. These meetings are generally unrecorded, with analysts taking notes that they may later disseminate, in edited form, to other clients.

A one-on-one meeting with a chief executive can run $50,000 or more in some cases.

Executives are forbidden from sharing nonpublic information at closed meetings, but investors focus on their body language and parse their words in the hopes of picking up a useful nugget or two. A 2011 study found that fund managers who took corporate meetings made more money than peers who didn’t.

The practice traces to 2003, when Wall Street securities firms paid $1.4 billion to settle allegations that they routinely issued overly optimistic stock research to flatter corporate clients and win their investment-banking business. Regulators forced banks to wall-off their research departments from their dealmakers.

So analysts turned to the access business, finding another way to profit from their ties to big companies. In the year following the settlement, at least eight firms set up dedicated units to arrange intimate meetings between investors and corporate brass. Some charged fees for entry; others sought to curry favor with funds that might send more trades their way.

Banks have been relying more on that business recently as trading commissions have dwindled and a shift to passive, indexed investing has hit banks’ trading desks hard. The dense financial reports their analysts produce are less relevant as computer-driven “quants” and index funds displace traditional stock-pickers.

Consulting firm Oliver Wyman expects banks to lose as much as $3 billion as asset managers cut back on research spending. Charging for corporate meetings helps compensate. Investment banks are now required by new regulation that began in Europe to tell their clients how much they are charging them for research, rather than bundling its cost in with trading commissions.

But their asset-manager clients are similarly under pressure. The race toward low-fee funds pioneered by Vanguard Group and BlackRock Inc. two giants notably absent from this latest effort—has forced rivals to slash costs, cut jobs and even move their corporate headquarters to cheaper locations.

As ownership has become more concentrated in the hands of a few asset managers, some investors question the need to have banks in the middle at all. Just four firms—BlackRock, Vanguard, Fidelity and State Street Corp. — were the largest shareholders in nearly 90% of the companies listed in the S&P 500 at the beginning of 2018, according to Brookings Institution.

The conference being organized by the five firms could threaten popular conferences hosted by banks including Barclays PLC and Bank of America Corp. The latter’s is historically held in March, around the time Fidelity, T. Rowe and the others will gather in Boston.

Write to Liz Hoffman at and Geoffrey Rogow at