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Intrinsic Value Realization




The Delaware Supreme Court issued a ruling on December 14, 2017 that endorsed its interpretation of the "Efficient Market Hypothesis" as a foundation for relying upon market pricing to define a company’s “fair value” in appraisal proceedings. The Forum accordingly reported that it would resume support of marketplace processes instead of judicial appraisal for its participants' realization of intrinsic value in opportunistically priced but carefully negotiated buyouts. See:

December 21, 2017 Forum Report

 Reconsidering Appraisal Rights for Long Term Value Realization



Forum distribution:

Logical analysis of buyouts by insiders


Source: Financial Times | Lex: February 27, 2015 column


February 27, 2015 6:36 pm

Management Buyouts: Trust issues

The dilemma is this: the boss has the inside perspective on the value of the company

In a typical company, investors wonder if the chief executive is competent. A tougher question emerges when the chief owns a big chunk of the shares: is the boss trustworthy? This week the founder of electronic music festival company SFX Entertainment, Robert Sillerman, offered to buy out the 60 per cent of the company he does not own, for $4.75 per share. The shares traded at $12 at the end of 2013. Still, the offer may well succeed — the bosses of Dole Food and Dell both won approval for their recent buyouts.

The dilemma with management buyouts is this: the boss has the inside perspective on the value of the company. Knowing where the bodies are buried puts them in a position to exploit the ignorance of Joe Public. Aggrieved shareholders of Dole Food claimed that its chief executive, who owned a 40 per cent stake, took advantage of a lull in the share price. In the case of Dell, the recent strong rally in the shares of HP — a very similar business — suggests Mr Dell timed his purchase well.

Shareholders have some protection against exploitation. Independent directors can negotiate on the behalf of public shareholders. Deals can require a majority of unaffiliated shareholders to vote in favour. Management buyouts often face a higher standard of review in deals in case of a legal challenge. Increasingly, shareholders demand “appraisal rights”, where a judge decides if the deal price was fair.

Still, companies with big insider shareholders do not necessarily underperform in aggregate. A 2012 study by ISS found single-class “controlled” companies (where control is defined as ownership of 30 per cent of the shares) outperformed non-controlled companies as well as dual class-controlled companies. The theory behind investing in companies where the chief executive has a big stake is that management and shareholders have the same interests. That is not always how it works in practice.

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© The Financial Times Ltd 2015


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