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See related case examples of

Dell Inc.

appraisal rights for intrinsic value realization

and

Walgreen Co.

stock buyback policies

"Fair Access" Home Page

"Fair Access" Program Reference

For graphs of specific company and related industry returns, see

Returns on Corporate Capital

For graphs of specific company voting for the past 5 years, see

Shareholder Support Rankings

 

 

 

 

For news commentary addressing the report below, see

 

To download a printable copy of this report, click here.

Forum Report: Requested new program

 

Workshop for “Metrics” to Analyze Stock Buybacks

The report of Forum plans for a program to analyze a stock buyback case example[1] has stimulated discussions among experts about what should be measured. Since professional interest in the analytical issues that have been raised has justified unexpected levels of attention, we are establishing a special “workshop” project to present views of alternatives for your consideration.

The current plan is to offer presentations of workshop members during the next couple of weeks on the following two subjects, and to invite all Forum participants to comment on their views. (According to standard Forum policy, comments can of course be provided either anonymously or for attribution, and for reporting either privately to the workshop member or publicly to all Forum participants.)

1.

Comparing returns from capital used to repurchase stock with returns from capital used to produce goods and services – Most analyses of buyback programs focus on overly simple calculations of only the immediate EPS result of an investment in reducing the number of shares outstanding, compared with an alternative rate of return from investment in the corporate enterprise (addressed in #2, below). These calculations typically do not account for the cumulative effects of capital that is invested in business operations to generate future profits, which create more capital for reinvestment.[2]

2.

Basic measure of returns on corporate capital – There have always been healthy debates among corporate finance and investment professionals about the best way to measure returns on investments in a business enterprise, but recent discussions have revealed a surprising range of competing definitions.[3] The Forum is of course committed to encouraging the consideration and testing of different investor views, including these views relating to returns, but we will necessarily have to settle upon a single definition of performance measurement as a foundation for our program’s consistent comparisons of buyback and corporate reinvestment alternatives.

It should be understood that the workshop’s objectives will be limited to developing definitions of these two basic measurements that all Forum participants can use in their analyses of alternatives for the use of corporate capital. To be reliable for our purposes, though, these measurements must be consistent with the measurements used by a company’s plant manager in a proposal for capital expenditures on new production equipment, as well as with the broad range of analyses that may be conducted to support the corporate board and investor decisions to allocate that capital for the plant manager’s use in producing goods. The scope of these more extensive applications has been summarized by Stephen O’Byrne of Shareholder Value Associates in a presentation for discussion of his professional views with other workshop members:[4]

 

Operating performance measurement has two key objectives:

§  Increasing shareholder value, which means that performance measures need to tie to discounted cash flow value.

§   Isolating and rewarding management contribution to value, which means that performance measures need to be decomposed into the component due to management and the component due to industry factors.

 

Please let me know if you want to participate in this workshop project, or if you have any suggestions of experts whose views should be invited. I will in any event continue to welcome your questions and comments on these or any other issues relating to the planned program, including suggestions of case candidates to be considered when we resolve the analytical issues.

GL – May 9, 2016

Gary Lutin

Chairman, The Shareholder Forum

575 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022

Tel: 212-605-0335

Email: gl@shareholderforum.com

 


[1] See the March 18, 2016 Forum Report: Inviting Proposals of Candidates for Analysis of Stock Buyback Policies and March 25, 2016 New York Times | Fair Game: "In Yahoo, Another Example of the Buyback Mirage." 

[2] An analytical framework for a “Net Profit Test” has been developed by Robert L. Colby, founder of the institutional research firm Corequity Valuations, to show the rate of return from reinvestment in business operations that would be required to match the EPS results from the same amount of investment in stock repurchases. Mr. Colby has granted permission to present a draft of his report using this analysis for review by Forum participants: “30 Stocks with significant buybacks between 2008 and 2015.

[3] For a summary of basic differences, see May 3, 2016 Wall Street Journal: "The Hottest Metric in Finance: ROIC."

[4] See slide page 52 of  May 7, 2016, Stephen F. O'Byrne of Shareholder Value Advisors: “Improving Operating Performance Measurement: Linking to Discounted Cash Flow Value & Isolating Management’s Contribution to Value.”

 

 

This Forum program is open, free of charge, to anyone concerned with investor interests in the development of marketplace standards for expanded access to information for securities valuation and shareholder voting decisions. As stated in the posted Conditions of Participation, the Forum's purpose is to provide decision-makers with access to information and a free exchange of views on the issues presented in the program's Forum Summary. Each participant is expected to make independent use of information obtained through the Forum, subject to the privacy rights of other participants.  It is a Forum rule that participants will not be identified or quoted without their explicit permission.

This Forum program was initiated to address issues and objectives defined by participants in the 2010 "E-Meetings" program relevant to broad public interests in marketplace practices, rather than investor decisions relating to only a single company. The Forum may therefore invite program support of several companies that can provide both expertise and examples of leadership relating to the issues being addressed.

Inquiries about this Forum program and requests to be included in its distribution list may be addressed to access@shareholderforum.com.

The information provided to Forum participants is intended for their private reference, and permission has not been granted for the republishing of any copyrighted material. The material presented on this web site is the responsibility of Gary Lutin, as chairman of the Shareholder Forum.

Shareholder Forum™ is a trademark owned by The Shareholder Forum, Inc., for the programs conducted since 1999 to support investor access to decision-making information. It should be noted that we have no responsibility for the services that Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., introduced for review in the Forum's 2010 "E-Meetings" program and has since been offering with the “Shareholder Forum” name, and we have asked Broadridge to use a different name that does not suggest our support or endorsement.